Clothing, wall hangings, rugs – they’re all things that are made using weaving techniques. In fact, the weaving of materials is a lot more common than you’d think. But, what is weaving?
This blog post explains more on what weaving is and introduces you to some of the basics of the technique, whilst showing you how you can begin your first weaving project.
Basic Weaving Terms
When it comes to weaving it’s good to know some of the terminology before you start. So, here goes.
- A Loom is the device used to support your project. There are many different types of looms, including those for personal use and those for industrial use.
- The warp thread is the vertical thread that holds the tension while you weave – basically the spine of your weave.
- The weft thread is the thread that you weave between the warp threads. It creates your patterns and design in the weave. Weft is the old English word meaning ‘that is woven’.
What Is Weaving?
Weaving is the construction of fabric using two threads – the warp and the weft. They interlace at right angles to create cloth suitable for a variety of functions. It is done on a loom which helps to hold the warp threads under tension allowing them to be interlaced by the weft. This interlacing technique is called, you guessed it, ‘weaving’.
The 8 Essential Tools To Learn Weaving
- A loom
- Warp yarn
- A tapestry needle
- A shed stick
- Weaving comb
- Weaving yarn
Basic Weaving Techniques
The majority of woven products are created with one of three basic weaves: plain weave, satin weave or twill. Kate at the Weaving Loom has created how to’s on every weaving stitch you could possibly need! Check them out here…
- If you don’t have a loom, don’t panic, you can make your own. The video in the 'learn more about weaving' section shows you how you can do this!
- Add some texture to your weaves by using different types of wools and roving (this is the fluffy stuff that gets spun into wool.) You can also add other textures to your weaving, such as beads, sequins, leather, roving and driftwood. Check out this blog post from Etsy which explains more.
- To eliminate gaps in your weaving, use the interlocking weft technique. Basically, this means picking up the loop where you’re weaving next to to link the two threads together. If you finish a weave and notice there are other gaps, you can close them up by sewing the warps to each other.
- To finish off your weave you need to weave in your tails - you’ll have some tails of yarn from where you started and finished your project. Using a finishing needle (basically a sewing needle on a bigger scale) weave the tails into your make. Once you have done this you need to cut your warp threads (your tensed threads) and knot every two threads to finish your piece (cutting off any excess).
- If you get stuck and don’t really know what your next steps are, join a group. You can share tips with one another to help progress in your weaving skills!
Learn More About Weaving
We’re loving this video series by Annabel Wrigley at Creativebug Studios! Each video takes you through every step of weaving - and in great detail! This is the first in the series...
We hope you've enjoyed the read and enjoy making your first weaving project! Remember to sign up to our newsletter for some more inspiration!